This is another term for a Shinto priest, often used interchangeably with kannushi. Negi perform similar functions, including rituals and ceremonies, and would also be available to offer counsel to individuals or families, especially in matters related to purification and blessings.

Yamabushi (Mountain Ascetics)

Although more commonly associated with Shugendō, a syncretic religion that blends Shintō, Buddhism, and Taoist influences, yamabushi practiced asceticism in mountains, seeking spiritual power through communion with nature


This term can be used to refer broadly to Shinto priests and priestesses, encompassing both kannushi and other clergy roles. Shinshoku engage in various ritualistic services, prayers, and ceremonies intended to maintain the connection between the kami and the community.

Miko (Shrine Maidens)

Miko are women who assist kannushi in shrine activities, including ritual dances, ceremonies, and shrine upkeep. Historically, some miko were also thought to possess the ability to commune with the kami and spirits, acting as oracles

Empress Jingū (神功皇后, Jingū Kōgō)

A legendary figure, Empress Jingū is traditionally believed to have been a regent before her son, Emperor Ōjin. She is often associated with kami worship and has been venerated as a Shinto deity herself in some shrines