The Sage (Shengren)

In Confucian thought, sages are those who have attained a high level of moral and philosophical understanding. They are considered the ultimate sources of wisdom and models of ethical behavior.

SAGE

Considered the ultimate sources of wisdom and models of ethical behavior. While actual sages might be rare or historical figures, their teachings and examples are sources of counsel.

Elders and Ancestors

Respect for elders and ancestors is a core component of Confucianism. Elders within a family or community are often sought out for advice, as their experience and wisdom are highly valued. Ancestors, though deceased, are also considered sources of guidance, and their examples and teachings are often consulted through ancestral veneration practices.

Monk in Confucian Temples

Although less common, there are religious figures associated with Confucian temples who might engage in the teaching and interpretation of Neo-Confucian texts. While Confucianism is not a religion in the same sense as Buddhism or Daoism, these figures can still provide spiritual guidance and ethical advice.

Nuns in Confucian Temples

Although less common, there are religious figures associated with Confucian temples who might engage in the teaching and interpretation of Neo-Confucian texts. While Confucianism is not a religion in the same sense as Buddhism or Daoism, these figures can still provide spiritual guidance and ethical advice.